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glossary:arthroscopy [2008/04/20 08:28]
Pat O'Connor created
glossary:arthroscopy [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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|+||(1) Arthroscopic [[surgery]] is a procedure that allows [[surgeon]]s to visualize, diagnose, and treat joint problems. The name is derived from the Greek words arthron, joint, and skopein, to look at. Arthroscopy is performed using an arthroscope, a small fiber-optic instrument that enables a close look at the inside of a joint through a small incision.|
|+||Arthroscopic surgery is used to diagnose, treat, and monitor joint injuries and diseases that affect the joints. Diagnostic arthroscopic surgery is performed when the medical history, physical exam, [[x-ray]]s, and bone scanning examinations, such as [[http://www.lymphedemapeople.com/wiki/doku.php?id=magnetic_resonance_imaging|MRI]] or [[CT Scan]], do not provide a definitive diagnosis. Corrective arthroscopic surgery is used primarily to remove bone or cartilage or repair tendons or ligaments.|
|+||(2) A surgical technique whereby a tube-like instrument is inserted into a joint to inspect, diagnose and repair tissues. Arthroscopy is most commonly performed in patients with [[disease]]s of the knees or shoulders. The adjective "arthroscopic" is often confused with "orthoscopic." Orthoscopic means having correct vision or producing it; and free from optical distortion or designed to correct distorted vision. This fits with the prefix "ortho-", meaning straight or erect, and "-scopic" from the Greek "skopein", to see. Orthoscopic literally is to see straight. Knee surgery performed with a small scope is arthroscopic knee surgery, not orthoscopic knee surgery.|