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glossary:neuron [2012/10/16 14:40] (current)
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 + A nerve cell that sends and receives electrical signals over long distances within the body. A neuron may send electrical output signals to muscle neurons (called motor neurons or motoneurons) and to other neurons. A neuron may receive electrical input signals from sensory cells (called sensory neurons) and from other neurons. A neuron that simply signals another neuron is called an interneuron. ​
 +The word "​neuron"​ comes straight from the Greek meaning "a sinew, tendon, thong, string, or wire." The term was introduced to designate a nerve cell by the English physiologist Sir Charles Scott Sherrington (1857-1952). Sherrington was an influential figure in the development of neurophysiology (the intersection between neurology and physiology),​ clinical neurology and neurosurgery ("​brain surgery"​). He worked at Oxford University. Aside from the "​neuron,"​ he also coined other useful terms including "​synapse."​ Sherrington shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1932 with Lord Edgar Douglas Adrian of Cambridge University for "their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons."​
 +Common Misspellings:​ nuron 
glossary/neuron.txt ยท Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)